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Overview of Xiangshan Forum 2015: win-win cooperation the way to Asia-Pacific security and stability

( Source: China Military Online  )         2015-October-21 16:59

  BEIJING, October 21 (ChinaMil) -- At the sixth Xiangshan Forum, representatives discussed the opportunities for and challenges to the security in the Asia-Pacific region and the innovation and practices of this concept. It is the consensus of many representatives that win-win cooperation among countries in the region is the way to Asia-Pacific security and stability.

  Security cooperation in the Asia-Pacific faces opportunities and challenges

  The attendees generally believed that the current security situation in the Asia-Pacific faces both opportunities and challenges.

  Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen pointed out at the welcome banquet of the Xiangshan Forum on October 16 that "over the past decades, the Asia-Pacific region has been experiencing a very rapid political, economic and social transformation". In the meantime, "some countries in the region are encountering various challenges in socio-economic area and security, including terrorism, food and energy security, transnational crimes, aviation security, human trafficking as well as the evolving geo-political crisis, etc".

  When delivering a speech on the morning of October 17, the Russian Deputy Defense Minister Anatoly Antonov said that although large-scale war is less possible to break out in the past few decades, the world has seen increasing unpredictable elements, the most prominent of which are cross-national challenges and threats, especially international terrorism.

  Shivshankar Menon, National Security Adviser to former Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, held that although the Asian-Pacific region has seen unprecedented development, political and security order hasn't been completely established and traditional geopolitics are mounting.

  Wen Bing, a research fellow with the Center for National Defense Policy Studies of the Academy of Military Science (AMS) of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA), deemed that the security situation in the Asia-Pacific region is generally stable at the moment. Countries in the region have seen steady and orderly political and economic development, they are more willing to conduct dialogue and cooperation, and disputes and conflicts in the region are within control.

  Position of Asia-Pacific region is considerably raised in international politics

  The Asia-Pacific region has enjoyed rapid economic growth as well as a higher position and larger say in the global geopolitics.

  Hun Sen noted that "thanks to China’s economic growth, our region has become not only the center of global growth but also the leading region for global economic recovery and the catalyst for political stability in the region".

  Wen Bing believed that the Asia-Pacific region is having a "golden period" since the end of the WWII, featuring the most sustained development, most deep-going cooperation and most stable security. This region is becoming a "key bloc" in promoting global security and development.

  Petko Draganov, a special representative of UN Security-General, noted that "I welcome Asia's dynamism and the growing global prominence of the region" . "Asia, led by China, India, Indonesia, Japan and the Republic of Korea, will need to assume greater ownership and responsibilities for the global commons. They need to gradually shift from a passive observant in debate of defining global orders and rules follower to be an active and constructive participant in setting out rules and the enforcement", Said Hun Sen.

  Win-win cooperation is the way to Asia-Pacific security

  When discussing how to deal with the security challenges facing the Asia-Pacific region, the word most frequently used by the attendees was cooperation.

  Malaysian Minister of Defense Hishammuddin Tun Hussein said that Asia-Pacific should decide how to jointly cope with the current challenges. "We must stand together in face with challenges."

  Antonov proposed to build a reliable, transparent and open security system in the Asia-Pacific. "We suggest building this security system in the form of non-alignment, solving disputes in a peaceful way, and never using or threatening to use force."

  Singapore's Minister of Defense Ng Eng Hen stressed that we shouldn't let territorial and resource disputes obstruct the cooperation among countries in the region, and the Asia-Pacific cannot achieve progress and prosperity in the future if it cannot establish a secure and stable environment.

  "China has repeatedly expressed its willingness to work with other countries to build new-type international relations with win-win cooperation in the center, and replace confrontation and conflict with win-win cooperation, so as to form a new-type partnership and blaze out a new vision," said Ng Eng Hen.

  Mongolian Defense Minister Tserendash Tsolmon stated that the forum this year is themed with "Security and Cooperation in the Asia-Pacific Region", which is an important measure to adapt to the trend of the times. Although Asia-Pacific is relatively more stable than other regions in terms of politics, economy, social construction and developing trend, political and military cooperation remains important, and active efforts are needed to push the steady development of relations among countries in the region. Stronger mutual trust among the countries and extensive and mutually beneficial cooperation are good for building the security mechanism.

  China will play a unique role in safeguarding security in the Asia-Pacific region

  Hun Sen especially stressed China's pivotal role in regional security and stability, particularly the establishment of Asia Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) and “the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road Initiative”.

  Wen Bing said that China adheres to the path of peaceful development, strives to bring benefits, friendship and security for neighboring countries, and upholds the concept of affinity, sincerity and inclusiveness. It has been working hard to promote mutually beneficial cooperation and interest integration with all countries, allow countries in the Asia-Pacific region to take a free ride on China's rapid development, and share the "dividends" of its economic growth.

  China's policies aim at peace, opening up, equality and mutual benefit and its active and pragmatic cooperation measures aim at mutual construction and sharing of development results. China's rapid development is bound to play a unique role in safeguarding the security and stability in the Asia-Pacific region. Wen added.

  Yan Wenhu, a research fellow at the Center for National Defense Policy Studies of the PLA's AMS, said that China never shirks its international obligations and responsibilities. With its sustained and rapid growth, China will continue to steadfastly practice multilateralism and make greater contributions to world peace, security and development.

Editor :  Zhang Tao